Zimbabwe, 15th-18th centuries
1995 - 2007
♜ The ruins of Khami are the second main historical site of the country after Great Zimbabwe. It became the capital of the Shona civilization from the 15th to the 18th century. Objects were discovered there that came from Europe and China, proving the commercial role of the city. Archeological research allowed to estimate its population around 20 000 inhabitants. The center of the place consists in an assembling of platforms held by dry-stone walls. Houses were built on the platforms for the leaders of the city.
The site was declared National Monument in 1937 ; it was then inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986. Yet the monuments of Khami have not enjoyed the same attention as those of Great Zimbabwe. Rain, plants, erosion, animal and human activity...contributed to the decay of the site. This carelessness lead to the inscription of Khami on the World Monuments Watch list of 100 most endangered sites.